# Knowledge Base

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Returns the angular frequency vector corresponding to time vector t.

,

where M=length(t).

fftw and all related functions have an option (option 1 below) that controls the format used to store the frequency domain data. When working with spectral data it is not possible to switch between formats; there are no functions to convert between formats. This implies that if you use option1=n to produce a spectrum with fft, then you must also use option1=n if you want to pass that same spectral data to invfft. Similarly, if you use option1=n for fft, then you also need to use option1=n with fftw to get the proper frequency vector corresponding to your spectrum. invfft and fftk work in the same way.

 Supported Product: FDTD, MODE, DEVICE, INTERCONNECT

 Syntax Description out = fftw(t); Returns the angular frequency vector corresponding to time vector t. fftw(t,option1,option2); option1 •1 : the standard FFT (zero frequency is at the first element of the matrix). This is the default option.•2 : zero frequency is the first element, but frequencies above the Nyquist frequency are removed.•3 : the FFT is shifted so zero frequency is the central element of the spectrum (more precisely, this means the zero frequency point is at element floor(N/2 + 1), where N is the number of samples). Both positive and negative frequencies are seen  option2 •0: no zero padding.•1: zero padding up to the next power of 2 longer than the length of Ex (default).•N: zero pad up to length N if N > length(t). If N <= length(t), it will zero pad up to the next power of 2 longer than the length of t. For the fastest results, N should be a power of 2 and can be entered, for example, as 2^12.

Example

See fft or fftk examples.