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farfieldexact3d

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The three dimension form of farfieldexact2d. This function projects complete complex vector fields to specific locations. It is expected to be correct down to distances on the order of one wavelength. The projections from multiple monitors can be added to create a total far field projection - see Projections from a monitor box.

 

farfieldexact3d projects any surface to the grid points defined by the vectors x,y and z. The data is returned in a matrix of dimension NxMxKx3 if one frequency point is projected, and NxMxKx3xP if more than one frequency point is projected where N is the length of the vector x, M the length of the vector y, K is the length of the vector z, P is the number of frequency points, and the fourth index represents Ex, Ey, and Ez. Note that N, M and K can be 1, and when they are all 1, the function is the same as farfieldexact.

 

Supported Product: FDTD, MODE

 

Syntax

Description

out = farfieldexact3d( "mname", x, y, z, f, index);

Projects a given power or field profile monitor to the far field at grid points specified by the vectors x,y,z.

 

Parameter

 

Default value

Type

Description

mname

required

 

string

name of the monitor from which far field is calculated

x

required

 

vector

x coordinates of the grid points where far field is calculated

y

required

 

vector

y coordinates of the grid points where far field is calculated

z

required

 

vector

z coordinates of the grid points where far field is calculated

f

optional

1

vector

Index of the desired frequency point. This can be a single number or a vector. Multithreaded projection was introduced since R2016b.

index

optional

value at monitor center

number

The index of the material to use for the projection.

 

Example

This 3D example calculates the far field electric field intensity on a 2mm x 2mm image plane located a distance of z=+1.5mm from the simulation region.

 

mname="trans";    # Monitor name

num=25;       # resolution

 

# define far field plane to image fields

x=linspace(-1e-3,1e-3,num); 

y=x;

z=1.5e-3;

 

# compute far field

E=farfieldexact3d(mname,x,y,z); 

 

# select component

Ex=pinch(E,4,1); 

Ey=pinch(E,4,2);

Ez=pinch(E,4,3);

 

# image intensity

E2= abs(Ex)^2 + abs(Ey)^2 + abs(Ez)^2;

image(x*1e3,y*1e3,E2,"x (mm)","y (mm)","Electric field at z=1.5mm from source"); 

 

 

The following example shows how farfieldexact and farfieldexact3d output data differently.

When x=[1 2], y=[1 2], z=[0],

farfieldexact: The result is a 2*3 matrix. First dimension is position;second is field component. This calculates the far field at the positions [1,1,0] and [2,2,0] .

farfielexact3d: The result is a 2*2*1*3 matrix. First three dimensions are positions; the fourth dimension is field component. This calculates the far field at the positions [x,y,z] = [1,1,0], [1,2,0], [2,1,0], [2,2,0].

 

x=1:2;

y=1:2;

z=0;

 

m="monitor";

 

E_far=farfieldexact3d(m,x,y,z);

?size(E_far);

>> result: 

>> 2 2 1 3  

 

See Also

Near to far field projections, farfield3d, farfieldexact2d, farfieldexact

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